How much do you know about the customs of the Spring Festival?

How much do you know about the customs of the Spring Festival?

【概要】How much do you know about the traditional customs of the new year? Come with me to see it together!

How much do you know about the customs of the Spring Festival?

【概要】How much do you know about the traditional customs of the new year? Come with me to see it together!


New year is approaching
New Year's Traditions
How much do you know?
Come with me to see it together!
The atmosphere of the Spring Festival generally begins on the 23rd of the twelfth lunar month, which is what we call a small year. However, due to regional differences, some regions call the 24th of the twelfth lunar month a small year. This day is also considered to be the beginning of the Spring Festival. .
Twenty-three of the twelfth lunar month
Legend has it that this day is the day when "Stove Lord goes to heaven". Legend has it that the Stove Lord was originally a civilian Zhang Sheng. After marrying a wife, he spent his days drinking and drinking, and after losing his family business, he was reduced to begging in the streets. One day, he begged to his ex-wife Guo Dingxiang's house. He was so ashamed that he got under the stove and burned to death.
After the Jade Emperor found out, he thought that Zhang Sheng could change his mind, and he was not broken to the end. Since he died at the bottom of the pot, he was named the king of the kitchen. .
Therefore, on the 23rd and 24th day of the twelfth lunar month, the common people worship the kitchen king and put some candy, wine and food, hoping for a bumper harvest of food in the coming year and a safe kitchen.
The twenty-fourth day of the twelfth lunar month
"On the twenty-fourth day of the twelfth lunar month, dust the house and clean the house", to do a year-end cleaning for the house.
It has been recorded in the "Lv's Spring and Autumn Period" that in the Yao and Shun eras, there was the custom of sweeping dust before the Spring Festival. According to folk saying, "sweeping the house dust on the twenty-fourth day of the twelfth lunar month" is homophonic with "Chen", so "sweeping the dust" is also called "sweeping Chen". Dust-sweeping during the New Year's Festival has the meaning of "removing the old and fabricating the new". Dust-sweeping contains people's wishes and expectations to "introduce the old and bring forth the new", "say goodbye to the old and welcome the new", and "break the old and establish the new".
On the day of dust-sweeping, every household began to clean all kinds of utensils, dismantle and wash bedding and curtains, sweep Liulu courtyards, brush the dust and cobwebs, dred the open canals and culverts, and welcome the New Year with a brand new environment!
Twenty-fifth of the twelfth lunar month
"On the twenty-fifth of the twelfth lunar month, grind the mill to make tofu", there is also a saying of "paste the windows on the twenty-fifth", that is, on the twenty-fourth of the twelfth lunar month, after sweeping away the dust, it is time to paste the windows on the twenty-fifth. Now window paste is basically only popular in some parts of the country, but sticking window grilles, sticking blessing characters, and hanging couplets are still procedures that every household has, and it can basically be seen as a sign of the New Year.
Due to the different ethnic groups and customs in different places, their celebration activities and eating habits are also different. Generally, there are traditional activities such as picking up the Jade Emperor, Zhaotian silkworm, Qiandeng Festival, and chasing the chaos.
Twelfth lunar month twenty-six
The saying "On the twenty-sixth day of the twelfth lunar month, kill the pig and cut the meat for the New Year", that is to say, from this day onwards, we will start to buy New Year's goods. Wine, fish, meat, firecrackers and gifts for visiting relatives are also indispensable, and the New Year's flavor has gradually become stronger.
Generally, pig farmers will start slaughtering pigs on this day, and then pack the meat. Some are given away, some are prepared for Chinese New Year, and some are reserved for guests in the first month of the year. The scene of a group of people slaughtering pigs is really lively!
Usually after the pigs are killed, everyone will get together and have a pork feast. Eating lively, happy, and eating, the taste of the New Year will be stronger.
Twenty-seventh of the twelfth lunar month
"On the twenty-seventh day of the twelfth lunar month, slaughter chickens and go to the big market." On this day, in addition to slaughtering their own poultry, they also have to go to the store to go to the market and make centralized purchases.
Although the "going to the store to go to the market" during the Spring Festival also includes the content of trade with the previous market and the purchase of the shortage and the surplus, it is more about buying and selling New Year items, such as: firecrackers, Spring Festival couplets, horses, incense candles, burning paper, beef and mutton, gifts Various gifts for children, various head ornaments for girls, etc. All the items needed for the Spring Festival are being purchased, so the markets around the world are very lively on this day.
Twelfth lunar month twenty-eighth
"On the 28th of the twelfth lunar month, let the noodles be made" "On the 28th of the twelfth lunar month, steamed steamed buns with appliques", on the 26th and 27th of the twelfth lunar month, the meat to be eaten for the Chinese New Year is prepared. On the 28th day, the Time to prepare the pasta.
In the past, when the social development was low, there was no modern and convenient baking powder. Ordinary noodles were easy to be damaged when made a few days in advance, but only the noodles would not be damaged. At the same time, this is also because the old custom believes that steamed buns should not be steamed during the period from the first to the fifth day of the first lunar month.
In addition to making a face, on this day there is also a need for "appliqués", that is, sticking New Year pictures, Spring Festival couplets and window grilles. Every household pastes the characters "Fu" big and small on the doors, walls and lintels. Pin on the yearning for a happy life and wishes for a better future.
Twelfth lunar month twenty-ninth
"On the 29th day of the twelfth lunar month, please go to the grave to ask the ancestors to make offerings." The Chinese lunar calendar is divided into big and small months. The so-called big moon is 30 days, and the small month has only 29 days. Therefore, the twelfth lunar month is a small moon, and the twenty-ninth day is the end of the year. Then the 29th day of the twelfth lunar month is New Year's Eve. Even if it is not a small moon, the next day is New Year's Eve, so all kinds of preparations for the new year must be completed on this day.
In the whole festival, the twenty-ninth day can be said to be the busiest day. In addition to preparing for various food and clothing sacrifices in the festival, there is also an extremely important activity, "Going to the grave to invite the ancestors", to pay tribute to the ancestors. Fan, this is not only a kind of consolation to the ancestors, but also the gratitude and longing for the ancestors of the descendants. The Spring Festival is a big festival, and the ceremony of inviting ancestors to the grave is especially solemn and important. The time to go to the grave to ask the ancestors is in the early morning of the 29th in most areas, and in a few areas from the afternoon to dusk on New Year's Eve.
Folks say "Twenty-nine, steamed steamed buns", when the dough is ready on the twenty-eighth, the steamed buns will start on the twenty-nineth. People use their imaginations to make the steamed buns into various shapes such as longevity peaches and small animals.
New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve, two years old in one night, two days in five. The cold resigns from the winter snow, and the warmth brings in the spring breeze.
Keeping the New Year's Eve is the most important custom, which was recorded in the Wei and Jin Dynasties. On the evening of New Year's Eve, a family of young and old will stay together, drink and share the joy of family.
Before the arrival of the New Year's Eve, other door decorations can be omitted, but a pair of red and beaming couplets must be posted, especially the New Year's Eve dinner on the evening of the New Year's Eve, which represents reunion, auspiciousness and peace. .
In Chengdu, these traditional customs are also very particular: the dust sweeping on the 24th day of the twelfth lunar month is called "sweeping the dust"; especially the New Year's Eve dinner on the 30th lunar new year, sausage and bacon must be the indispensable dishes. This is the beginning of the twelfth lunar month. Getting ready. Usually, a fish will be made. If the fish cannot be eaten, it must be kept until the next day, which means that there will be more than one year after another.
Spring is coming
Get these little knowledge of customs quickly!
In the strong taste of the year
Experience a different new year!


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